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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Wheat production under semi-arid conditions in Nigeria: the Borno State situation
Author:Ugherughe, P.O.
Periodical:Annals of Borno
Geographic terms:Nigeria
Northern Nigeria
Abstract:Although the wheat varieties grown in Borno State, Nigeria, can successfully complete their life cycle during the harmattan period, when night temperatures are low enough for adequate tillering, there is no rain at all during this period. Consequently wheat is produced entirely under irrigation, mainly at three irrigation schemes: the South Chad Irrigation Scheme at New Marte, the Yobe Irrigation Scheme and the Magura Irrigation Scheme. About 3,800 hectares are planted with wheat, representing about 0.04 percent of the total land area under cultivation in the state. The varieties grown are short strawed, quick maturing, responsive to fertilizers, resistant to diseases and to lodging and are of good grain quality. The average yield is 2.0 tons per hectare. The major constraints in wheat production include soil fertility and salinity problems specifically at the Yobe Irrigation Scheme, lack of capital, improper timing of land preparation, unsatisfactory land grading and levelling, uncertainty of irrigation water, and lack of trained personnel in irrigation farming. Abstr., bibliogr.