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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Agribusiness and Women Peasants in Tanzania
Author:Mbilinyi, Marjorie J.ISNI
Periodical:Development and Change
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:women farmers
agricultural policy
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Economics and Trade
Women's Issues
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Labor and Employment
Development and Technology
mass media
External link:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7660.1988.tb00313.x
Abstract:Challenging the analysis of the agricultural crisis in Tanzania which is presented by the World Bank, this article provides an alternative analysis of the organization of capital and labour in agriculture, as illustrated by a case study of relations in tea production in Rungwe District. The article shows how smallholder programmes as developed by the World Bank have led to the disintegration of these holdings and increased women's resistance, which in turn became an argument for strengthening large-scale agricultural production. Two main tendencies are described: one is the differentiation of the peasantry, which led to impoverishment of a large number of smallholders. Men left first the family farms, then agriculture. At the same time a shift from permanent to temporary/casual labour in the large-scale agricultural sector took place. These tendencies caused a shift in the sexual division of labour, with women's work becoming intensified. Women also joined the low-paid casual labour force. The implications of the competition for labour between peasant and large-scale agriculture are outlined. Bibliogr., notes, ref.