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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Settler Capital and the Assault on the Squatter Peasantry in Kenya's Uasin Gishu District, 1942-1963
Author:Youe, Christopher P.
Year:1988
Periodical:African Affairs: The Journal of the Royal African Society
Volume:87
Issue:348
Period:July
Pages:393-418
Language:English
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:squatters
colonists
Europeans
Ethnic and Race Relations
History and Exploration
colonialism
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/722440
Abstract:From the middle of the 1920s, settlers and the State in Kenya began to view squatting as an obstacle to progressive farming. Their objective was to eliminate squatter stock, deprive the cattle herders of their land, and force them to work for a cash wage. Since many farmers in the western highlands (where the Uasin Gishu district is situated) were operating on the margins, squatting persisted here in the interwar years. From 1942 onwards, however, when settler farming moved from tenuous to sustained capital accumulation, the assault on the squatter peasantry began. White agreement on the squatter issue was encapsulated in the proliferation of orders and ordinances undermining the squatter's position promulgated from World War II onwards. But that agreement collapsed in Uasin Gishu, from 1942 until the middle of the 1950s, when the squatter peasantry managed to espace the stringency of the new labour laws. Divisions amongst settler farmers, resistance from some colonial officials, and political considerations associated with Mau Mau, split the white community. This paper analyses these intrawhite cleavages and the concomitant weakness of the assault on the squatters. Ref.
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