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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Pasture and rangeland potentials of Borno state
Authors:Ugherughe, P.O.
Ekedolum, P.A.
Periodical:Annals of Borno
Geographic term:Northern Nigeria
animal husbandry
Abstract:Livestock production is one of the principal resources of Borno State, Nigeria, and the State accounts for about 45 percent of Nigeria's livestock trade. However, the pastures and rangelands in the State provide sufficient nutrients for no more than three to five months of the year, and fall below maintenance level in the dry season. In this study, the pasture and rangeland potentials of the State are evaluated and the major obstacles limiting their improvement identified. The author looks at the types of pastures and rangelands, their ownership, grazing systems, water points, fertilization and weed control, poisonous plants, forage conservation, and pasture and rangeland renovation. Measures recommended to improve pastures and rangelands and to promote their more efficient use include a better distribution of water points on grazing lands; the planting of Acacia albida ('gawo'), whose pods are a relatively rich source of protein to livestock during the critical months of February, March and April, at 100-metre intervals; the reduction of livestock on presently overstocked ranges; the establishment of a stockmen's cooperative society or committee in each local government area. Bibliogr.