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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Law and Mass Rape during Armed Social Conflicts: Lessons from the 1982 Coup Attempt in Kenya
Author:Gutto, ShadrackISNI
Periodical:The Zimbabwe Law Review
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:minority groups
coups d'état
sexual offences
Law, Legal Issues, and Human Rights
Politics and Government
Abstract:During and immediately after the August 1982 coup attempt in Kenya, there were numerous uncontradicted reports of mass rape of women in Nairobi, Nanyuki and Naivasha by government forces. A disproportionately large number of the victims were of Asian origin, and a number of these subsequently committed suicide to avoid the 'disgrace' to themselves and 'their community'. Class antagonisms, sexism and racism were all interwoven in the incidents of August 1982. The social disruption caused by the conflict situation provided the male rapists with a cover to 'get at' the whole Asian community. It also reflected the male assertion of social superiority over women within the specific conditions of Kenya. Moreover, the fact that not a single offender was brought to trial clearly shows that the laws on rape, in their formulation and in their (non)mobilization, express the interests of the neocolonial bourgeois State and the controlling classes, men fully imbued with the ideology of class/sex oppression. Notes, ref.