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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:French 'Islamic' Policy and Practice in Late Nineteenth Century Senegal
Author:Robinson, David
Year:1988
Periodical:The Journal of African History
Volume:29
Issue:3
Pages:415-435
Language:English
Geographic terms:Senegal
France
Subjects:Islam
colonization
religious policy
Religion and Witchcraft
colonialism
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/182350
Abstract:In contrast to the negative conclusions reached by D. Cruise O'Brien, it is here argued that the French, in the last half of the 19th century, maintained an Islamic policy in West Africa. They consistently opposed the Islamic State where it conflicted with their own political and economic interests. At the same time, they were capable of temporary and tactical alliances with Islamic leaders. The dominant case is the Umarian one. The 1860 agreement became a modus operandi for almost two decades. The French remained alert to the need to develop positive relations with Muslim leaders, as the cultivation of the Kunta and the reception of the Timbuktu ambassador attest. The educational and judicial institutions, which Faidherbe put in place, nurtured the francophile Muslim community and formed the first indigenous colonial elite. They survived to some degree through the 1870s and 1880s, and were renewed in full force in the 1890s. Meanwhile, however, the French regarded the Tijaniyya with suspicion, using the name widely as a label for clerics who appeared to threaten them with jihad, and to justify a policy of exile. Notes, ref.
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