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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The imposition of colonial rule in north west kenya: interethnic conflicts and anticolonial resistance
Author:Bollig, M.ISNI
Periodical:Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere: Schriftenreihe des Kölner Instituts für Afrikanistik
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:ethnic relations
Abstract:This article describes conflicts between the Turkana and neighbouring ethnic groups in northern Kenya, as well as Turkana resistance to British colonial rule, during the period 1910-1920. From the beginning, relations between the Turkana and the British were hostile. From 1911, the military and administrative authorities adopted a policy of 'scorched earth', confiscating Turkana livestock and thereby destroying their subsistence base. The Turkana tried to restore their herds through raids on neighbouring pastoralists. Their actions were coordinated by ritual specialists ('emuron'). The success of the Turkana raids in 1917 and 1918 shows that centralized decisionmaking offered strategic advantages over enemies who were politically decentralized. After 1915 Turkana aggression was more frequently directed against the British, until military resistance to the colonial administration was broken by punitive expeditions in 1917-1918. Since that time, passive resistance became a means of withdrawal from government control. Bibliogr., notes, ref.