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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Iyad's Doctrinal Views and Their Impact on the Maghreb
Author:Kassis, Hanna E.
Periodical:Maghreb Review
Geographic term:Maghreb
Islamic movements
History and Exploration
Religion and Witchcraft
Abstract:The esteem which is accorded to the writer and thinker 'Iyad (1083-1149) at all levels of Maghrebi society is due mainly to the manner in which he emphasized the primacy of religious orthodoxy in his writings, judicial practice, personal life, and political concerns. In order to preserve Muslim society, 'Iyad countered heretical doctrine and the disintegration of Muslim society in Spain and the Maghreb by forging a return to the basics of the faith. He achieved this by addressing the public, without excluding the elite, in the most popular of his writings, generating a revival of orthodoxy. This paper examines the motivation behind 'Iyad's political activity, arguing that his political involvement was motivated by his orthodoxy rather than by political ambition. His relationship and difficulties with the political authorities were governed by his close adherence to this orthodoxy and his desire for its survival rather than that of a particular State or ruler. Notes, ref.