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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Transkei: A Case of Backward Capitalism?
Authors:Haines, R.J.
Tapscott, C.P.G.
Geographic terms:Transkei
South Africa
centre and periphery
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Politics and Government
Ethnic and Race Relations
Abstract:In recent critical studies of South Africa's homelands, these are depicted as regions facilitating social control, absorbing labour surpluses and spatially dividing the workforce. This depiction, while useful as an heuristic device, inhibits a fuller understanding of the dynamics of homeland society. What is now needed is that more attention be paid to the nature of peripheral dependent capitalism in the various homelands. The authors employ the notion of 'backward or retarded capitalism' to conceptualize the retardation or slow, uneven emergence of wholly capitalist production relations and the limited development of productive forces in peripheral regions. This paper centres on the following points: the 'constructed' nature of class formation in Transkei; the structures and alliances of interest which operate to retard the entry of more 'advanced' capital into the Transkei region; contradictions inherent in South Africa's 'regional development' policy vis-a-vis Transkei and other homelands; backward capitalism in Transkei as a deformation of capitalism in South Africa as a whole; and the questionable utilization of (limited) financial aid and other investment capital. Bibliogr., notes, ref.