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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Capitalist Development in Agriculture: The Case of Commercial Tobacco Farming in the Oyo-North Division, Oyo State, Nigeria
Author:Babalola, Ademola
Periodical:African Economic History
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:dual economy
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Abstract:This paper investigates the impact of the injection of foreign capital into the agricultural economy of Oyo-North Division, Oyo State, Nigeria. In particular, it examines the impact of capital investment by the Nigerian Tobacco Company on the land use pattern in the area, the effect of the introduction of commercial tobacco farming on labour use, and the effect of tobacco farming on the pattern of social stratification among tobacco farmers. A survey was carried out in 1987 among 200 tobacco farmers in the communities of Ago-Are, Tede, Aha and Igboho. The results indicate that the development of commercial tobacco farming in Oyo-North Division has not led to the emergence of either a landowning class or a landless group of farmers, but it has created opportunities for the accumulation of agricultural capital and for the unequal distribution of income among farmers. No instances were found of tobacco farmers working on a part-time basis as tenants or labourers for other tobacco farmers. Exploitative and antagonistic relations among the farmers have not developed. This leads to the conclusion that the injection of capital into the agricultural economy of Oyo-North Division has produced a restricted form of the capitalist mode of production, a capitalist relation of production devoid of capitalist ownership of the means of production. Ref.