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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'Na.s¯i.hat al-mugtarr¯in' of Ma.hamad Mayy¯ara (d. 1072/1662): a collection of fatw¯as on the Bildiyy¯in of Fez
Author:García Arenal, MercedesISNI
Periodical:Maghreb Review
Geographic term:Morocco
religious conversion
Abstract:The Bildiyy¯in are a group of inhabitants of the city of Fez (Morocco) considered to be descendants of Jewish converts to Islam. From the beginning of the 17th century, they acquired an increasingly important position in the city, both economically and in the religious and judicial domains. The first information available on the Bildiyy¯in reveals their rivalry with the leading group in the city, the Shuraf¯a'. This article examines the 'Na.s¯i.hat al-mugtarr¯in wa-kif¯ayat al-mu.d.tarr¯in f¯i-l-tafr¯iq ban al-muslim¯in', a document compiled by Abu 'Abd All¯ah Ma.hamad Mayy¯ara (1591-1662), member of a well-known Bild¯i family and one of the most reputable scholars of his time. In this document are collected a number of 'fatw¯as', legal documents and correspondence by various 'ulam¯a', which Mayy¯ara used in defence of the equal rights of the Bildiyy¯in. An examination of these 'fatw¯as' makes it possible to relate the conflict provoked around the Bildiyy¯in to other events in the history of Fez, namely the rebellion of 1465 that put an end to the Marinid dynasty, and the taking of Fez by the Shuraf¯a' of the Sa'di dynasty in 1549-1554. It appears that all the 'ulam¯a' cited by Mayy¯ara were connected with acts against the Shuraf¯a' when the latter aspired to political power. Ref.