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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Towards sustainable development and environmental conservation in African drylands
Author:Darkoh, M.B.K.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development (ISSN 0251-0405)
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic term:Africa
environmental policy
Environment, Ecology
Environmental protection
Resources exploitation
sustainable development
Abstract:This paper reviews the environmental problems and impact of development interventions in the drylands of Africa. It highlights the problems related to arid lands development and outlines the key elements that should be considered in devising strategies for sustainable economic development and environmental conservation. The foremost causes of the widespread environmental degradation in the African drylands are rapidly increasing animal and human population pressure and outside influences, leading to overexploitation and poor management of resources. Development in the drylands has had a false start and the models which have been adopted are derived from the experience of the advanced countries. To achieve sustainable development in the drylands of Africa, a new approach is needed. Structural changes are required simultaneously at two levels: internal and external. Overall development effort needs to be self-reliant and people-centred. The challenge of rural development at the internal level is to break the vicious cycle of poverty and environmental degradation, and integrate the drylands into the mainstream of national development. At the external level, sustainable development requires collective action to resolve the trade and debt crisis, and stronger international institutions with more decisionmaking authority than exist at present at the global level. Bibliogr., sum.