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Title:Islamic learning and 'Western education' in Nigeria: Concepts, institutions, and conflicts
Author:Reichmuth, StefanISNI
Book title:Échanges franco-allemands sur l'Afrique: lettres et sciences humaines
Editors:Riesz, János
Almeida-Topor, Hélène d'
Series:Bayreuth African studies series; 33
City of publisher:Bayreuth
Publisher:Bayreuth University
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:Christian education
Islamic education
Abstract:Despite the differences between 'Western' and Islamic forms of education in Nigeria, differences in outlook and content as well as in institutional patterns, both systems have developed in response to the same colonial and postcolonial conditions, and there are many parallels in their development. Both have been linked to religious communities and missions. Both systems led to the growth of new elite groups and to new forms of political organization. 'Western' education, spread by Christian missions since the mid-nineteenth century in the south and east of the country, became the basis of a public education system under British colonial rule. In the Northern region Islamic learning developed for more than five hundred years, but the educational retardation of the Muslim areas was not reduced until the educational reforms of the 1970s, which brought education under government control and led to the recognition of Islamic religious knowledge and Arabic as school subjects on a national level. The growing influence of a new self-confident Muslim elite in all fields of public life led to many conflicts with the Christian groups. The mutual relations between the different social networks which are connected with the educational institutions both in the public and the Islamic sector seem to be crucial for the future of the educational development of the country. Bibliogr.