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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Namibia and the Heritage of Colonial Alcohol Policy
Author:Siiskonen, Harri
Periodical:Nordic Journal of African Studies
Geographic term:Namibia
alcohol policy
History and Exploration
Abstract:During the last two decades, the consumption of alcoholic beverages has increased rapidly in Namibia. The sale and serving of alcohol is not restricted to the towns and their surroundings, but also occurs in the most outlying villages. Alcohol abuse has become a serious problem, particularly among the African population. This paper examines the problem of alcohol abuse in Namibia against the background of German and South African colonial alcohol policies. The legal framework for Namibia's alcohol policy was laid down in Ordinance no. 2 of 1969, which is still in force today. It legalized the controlled sale of alcohol to Africans and the granting of alcohol trading licences to African entrepreneurs. In principle, the Ordinance ensured government control over the sale and serving of alcohol, but in reality, the legislation was interpreted very loosely, and thousands of illegal 'cuca shops' or 'shebeens' were established. In North Namibia, alcohol abuse was exacerbated by the arrival of South African troops in the 1970s and UN forces prior to independence. It was not until after independence in 1990 that the issue of alcohol abuse began to be addressed. Bibliogr.