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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Education and Social Reconstruction: The Case of South Africa
Author:Alexander, Neville
Periodical:Africa Development: A Quarterly Journal of CODESRIA (ISSN 0850-3907)
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:social change
educational policy
Education and Oral Traditions
Ethnic and Race Relations
Development and Technology
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/24486867
Abstract:The normal tendency of the educational subsystem in modern industrial States is a conservative one. When, therefore, revolutionary situations arise, the educational institutions and practices constitute one of the most contested terrains of struggle in the entire social formation. Such a situation has recently come about in South Africa as a result of two decades of struggles against apartheid in general and Bantu education in particular. As South Africa begins to move away from apartheid back into mainstream capitalism, three major development models, each with an educational counterpart, have been widely debated. After a review of education policy under apartheid and its legacy of educational inequality (illustrated in tables and graphs), the author discusses the policy proposals for the education sector contained in the models of the Government, the Tripartite Alliance (ANC/COSATU/SACP), and the Development Bank of Southern Africa respectively. In practice, these three constituencies have been cooperating increasingly, mainly through the National Educational and Training Forum. However, it is likely that the next five years will see a process of muddling reform of the apartheid structures with a large measure of instability that will be exacerbated by the probable economic stagnation. Bibliogr., sum. in French.