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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A world turned upside down: households and differentiation in a South African bantustan in the 1980s
Author:Sharp, JohnISNI
Periodical:African Studies
Geographic terms:South Africa
Subjects:social structure
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Women's Issues
Ethnic and Race Relations
Urbanization and Migration
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/00020189408707789
Abstract:This paper is based on research carried out in Qwaqwa in the 1980s by members of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Cape Town, South Africa. One of the main focuses of the research was the topic of material and social differentiation since the 1970s in Qwaqwa, the 'homeland' of all South-Sotho speaking black South Africans. This paper examines the relationship between processes of social and material differentiation amongst working-class households in Qwaqwa, on the one hand, and the different patterns of migration from Qwaqwa in the period after the lifting of influx control restrictions in 1986, on the other. It shows that in the 1980s differentiation in Qwaqwa's closer settlements turned mainly on the nature of the access that workers had to the urban economy, rather than being linked to informal income-generating activities as in earlier years. It also shows that in the early 1980s an increasing number of women took to shebeening and street trading. After 1986, the first to leave the bantustan were not those workers and domestic groups that had been most closely integrated into the urban economy, but individuals from the ranks of the increasingly marginalized masses. Ref., sum.