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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Islamism, Arabism, and the Disintegration of the Sudan
Author:Yongo-Bure, B.
Periodical:Northeast African Studies
Geographic term:Sudan
Subjects:Arab culture
Church and State
human rights
Religion and Witchcraft
Inter-African Relations
international relations
Ethnic and Race Relations
Politics and Government
External link:http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/northeast_african_studies/v001/1.2-3.yongo-bure.pdf
Abstract:For the ruling group in the Sudan, Islam and Arabism are inseparable; Islam enhances one's feeling of Arabness. As a result, Islam has become so central to Sudanese politics that it has figured prominently among the causes of war and the difficulty of achieving peace. It is likely to be the main factor in the disintegration of the Sudan, given the high human and material costs the country has incurred since independence in 1956 largely because of the use of Islam. The enforcement of 'sharia', introduced in Sudan in September 1983, definitely violates the rights of non-Muslims. Furthermore, various Sudanese governments, especially the current one, have consistently worked against the goals of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Since the coming to power of the present Islamic fundamentalists in June 1989, Islamization has been stepped up considerably. The international community should no longer ignore the problem in Sudan and intervention by the United Nations is necessary. The fundamental problem of Sudan cannot, however, be reduced to just the Islamic fundamentalists. The basic problem of the Sudan started before independence with the vision the Arabist Graduate Congress had of an Arab Islamic Sudan. Bibliogr.