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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Muslims and Modern Education in Tanzania
Author:Chande, Abdin N.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of the Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs
Geographic term:Tanzania
educational policy
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
Education and Oral Traditions
Abstract:This paper examines the educational disparity between Muslims and Christians in Tanzania. By the end of the German colonial period in 1914 government schools had a total of c. 6,200 students while mission schools had 110,000. This meant that over 95 percent of the pupils in Tanganyika were taught in Christian missions. The British colonial administration set up a new educational system to cater for the education of Africans, Europeans and Indians along racial lines. Islamic traditional schools declined in the face of competition from the State system. The colonial government favoured the Christian minority by providing subsidies to mission schools to facilitate their education. Muslim responses to their educational backwardness included the establishment of the East African Muslim Welfare Society (EAMWS) in 1945, the founding of the Muslim pressure group All-Muslim National Union of Tanganyika (AMNUT) in 1957, and the formation of Daawa al-Islamiyya in 1963. How have Muslims benefitted from government attempts to eliminate educational inequalities? At primary school level, Muslims have benefitted, but at secondary school level the Muslim percentage of enrolled pupils is considerably less, whereas Muslim representation in high schools and institutions of higher learning is extremely low. Notes, ref.