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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:O capitalismo colonial e a força de trabalho: a economia política nas plantações de chá do Norte de Moçambique 1930-1975
Author:Cross, MichaelISNI
Periodical:Revista internacional de estudos Africanos
Geographic terms:Mozambique
agricultural workers
Abstract:Portuguese text. English sum: This article analyses in detail the complexity and the dynamics of colonial-capitalist domination in Mozambique since the inception of tea plantations in the Alta Zambézia region. It shows how the specific forms of accumulation of productive capital in the region incorporated and depended on quasi-slave relations of production. These were previously developed by 'prazeros' during the transition from mercantile to productive capital in central Mozambique, giving rise to hybrid forms of production within the framework of forced or semi-forced labour. The stagnation and underdevelopment of these forms of production was the very condition for capitalist accumulation in the region. It was not until the late 1950s and mainly the 1960s that some of these classic forms of labour exploitation were removed. The article also analyses peasant responses to the increasing disruptions of their fundamental means of livelihood and mechanisms of social reproduction as well as their forms of adaptation to the new economic and social life. It casts light on some of the problems of transition of socialism faced by Frelimo after independence. The article is essentially based on interviews with peasants during more than a month of fieldwork in the province of Zambézia. Notes, ref.