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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Patriarchal Attitudes: Male Control over and Policies towards Female Education in Northern Rhodesia, 1924-1963
Author:Gadsden, Fay
Periodical:Zambia Journal of History
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Zambia
Central Africa
Subjects:gender relations
women's education
History and Exploration
Education and Oral Traditions
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Women's Issues
Education and Training
Cultural Roles
Sex Roles
History, Archaeology
Education of women
gender discrimination
Abstract:Formal, Western education in Northern Rhodesia (present-day Zambia) was organized by the missionary societies and, after 1925, the colonial government. Both the missionaries and the colonial administrators took for granted a world where political and economic power was controlled by men. Within this ideology of male dominance, male control over education was ensured by male predominance on policymaking bodies and in administration. The few women who were involved in education accepted the domestic and subordinate role assigned to women by colonial policymakers. Male domination of the education system did not, however, mean that female education was considered unimportant. The education of girls and women was expected to contribute to social order and mitigate the impact of economic stagnation in the rural areas. There was a concerted effort on the part of government officials, missionaries and educated Africans to promote female education. However, efforts to expand girls' education were not very successful, largely because the government failed to persuade the majority of the population of the value of female education. Notes, ref.