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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Labour Migration and Rural Transformation in Post-Colonial Swaziland
Author:Simelane, Hamilton S.
Periodical:Journal of Contemporary African Studies
Geographic term:Swaziland - Eswatini
Subjects:rural development
labour migration
Urbanization and Migration
Labor and Employment
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Politics and Government
Cultural Roles
Sex Roles
Abstract:The effects of labour migration on the rural periphery of southern Swaziland have changed over time as part of broader changes in the Swazi social formation. Nowadays money from mine labour is used to hire tractors which, in turn, facilitates female involvement in agricultural production, especially in regard to turning the soil. The absence of men, therefore, no longer necessarily brings about a reduction of family fields under cultivation. Such developments challenge orthodox underdevelopment theories on labour migration and point to a need for reconceptualizing the economic impact of male labour migration. Earnings from the mines are invested in the rural economy in different ways, in child education, in cattle, in agricultural implements such as tractors, and in housing. While labour migration has also had some negative consequences, as a number of persons interviewed by the author in the course of his research indicated, generally it has contributed significantly to the progress and development of southern Swaziland's rural periphery. Bibliogr., notes, ref.