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Title:Women and Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa: Testing the World Bank and WID Models with a Lesotho Case Study
Authors:Goebel, Allison
Epprecht, Marc
Periodical:African Studies Review
Geographic term:Lesotho
Subjects:women's employment
Women's Issues
Labor and Employment
Economics and Trade
Development and Technology
Status of Women
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/525471
Abstract:This study tests the theory and prescriptions of the liberal WID (women in development) approach within the World Bank model of development as a whole. The WID perspective does not fundamentally challenge a capitalist route of development, but insists on the fair and equal inclusion of women in this process. Through the analysis of a real life situation (a weaving enterprise in Lesotho) the paper determines whether employment 'empowers' women (as WID predicts), exploits them (as some of its critics assert), or otherwise affects their lives and consciousness. Data were gathered in 1990. It appears that employment did not lift the women working in the above-mentioned enterprise out of poverty. Furthermore, employment there did not significantly ameliorate the workers' structural position in the labour market as a disadvantaged gender, class and race, although the effects of employment upon women's consciousness as a disadvantaged group of people were important. Bibliogr., notes, ref.