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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Demobilization and Reintegration of Soldiers: Perspectives from USAID
Author:Clark, Kimberly M.
Periodical:Africa Today
Period:1st-2nd Quarters
Geographic terms:Ethiopia
United States
Subjects:social integration
civil wars
development cooperation
international relations
Military, Defense and Arms
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4187030
Abstract:With the resolution of many civil conflicts in the developing world, the demobilization and reintegration of soldiers has emerged as an important issue for donors. The transition from civil war to development is not easy because disarming combatants and reintegrating them into civilian life is politically sensitive and fraught with risk. This paper highlights some of the issues that USAID and other donors have faced in early efforts to support the demobilization and reintegration of soldiers in several African countries, viz. Angola, Mozambique, Uganda and Ethiopia. USAID has grappled with the legal restriction of assisting foreign militaries and has managed to design programmes to respond to demobilization needs. In the policy area, USAID is still working out several issues. Significant political hurdles to donor involvement exist because of the uncertainties of the peace process, yet there is no simple answer to overcoming these risks. On the operational side, USAID knows more about the successes and failures of demobilization than about reintegration. With repsect to reintegration, options that USAID has pursued include vocational and agricultural training and credit programmes. Notes, ref.