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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:South Africa's New Foreign and Military Policy: Opportunities and Constraints
Author:Crawford, Neta C.
Periodical:Africa Today
Period:1st-2nd Quarters
Geographic terms:South Africa
Southern Africa
Subjects:foreign policy
defence policy
Politics and Government
international relations
Inter-African Relations
Military, Defense and Arms
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4187033
Abstract:Prospects for stability, peace, prosperity and increasing equity in South Africa depend a great deal on how well the new government charts its foreign policy and deals with its inheritance of enormous military potential and a large armaments industry. As the problems and controversies since the 1994 transition illustrate, it has been difficult for the new government to reverse decades of militarization and turn its foreign and military policy in a direction that helps it achieve its domestic agenda. This paper examines the legacy of apartheid era foreign policy, including the impoverishment of the southern African region as a result of South Africa's 'Total Strategy'; the question of how South Africa became militarized; the folly of the 'Total Strategy'; Mandela's new foreign policy; the ending of South Africa's isolation by its joining the international community; difficulties in the construction of the new military, which has to be downsized, and in the taming of the arms industry. In conclusion, suggestions are presented for making the transition work. Notes, ref.