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Book chapter Book chapter Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Dust to diamonds: the relationships among water, population, and livestock in Botswana
Authors:Morris (Jr), Robert P.
Jones, Phyllis
Lackman, Cheryl
Book title:Population growth and environmental degradation in southern Africa / ed. by Ezekiel Kalipeni. - Boulder, Col. [etc]: Lynne Rienner
Geographic term:Botswana
Subjects:water management
agricultural ecology
animal husbandry
settlement patterns
Abstract:Botswana has experienced incredible change in the past fifteen years. The country has been transformed from a traditionally oriented State to a progressive developing State with a per capita income which is among Africa's highest. This transition, however, is not without problems. The natural population growth is compounded by increasing internal migration to the eastern region with its mining and industrial resources, water and tillable land. Pressures on migration patterns and water availability have been heightened by drought conditions for most of the 1980s. The situation has further been exacerbated by the increase in the numbers of livestock, which compete for scarce water resources. The government must fully prepare to meet the challenges of managing the ever more complex and interrelated fields of population (human and livestock), water resources, agriculture and industry. This chapter explores the challenges facing Botswana, drawing upon an integrative conceptual framework to best represent vital linkages and interrelationships. Within this framework, population, livestock and water policy options are examined and recommendations offered for the future, coordinated development of Botswana by Botswana. Ref.