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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Impact of Foreign Aid on Zimbabwe's Agricultural Policy
Author:Moyo, SamISNI
Periodical:Africa Development: A Quarterly Journal of CODESRIA (ISSN 0850-3907)
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:land reform
development cooperation
agricultural policy
Politics and Government
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
international relations
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/24486880
Abstract:At independence, in 1980, the agricultural policy of the government of Zimbabwe was intended to transform and redress the racially discriminatory agrarian structure dominated by large-scale commercial farms, mainly through land redistribution and the reallocation of financial and other resources within a stated socialist framework. In practice, however, the pragmatic policy orientation of the government, derived from an increasing dependency on foreign aid, promoted the strengthening of capitalist forms of agriculture and uneven development in the so-called Communal Areas, to the detriment of the peasantry. The Lancaster House independence settlement placed initial constraints on resource redistribution by protecting private property rights, especially over land, while donor support did not favour land distribution, particularly when linked to socialist forms of production. Bilateral donors, through various aid programmes, gradually eased the country's agricultural policy towards commercializing the peasant sector and towards export orientation of the estate sector. After 1989, the full-scale adoption of a structural adjustment programme meant that radical agrarian reform was definitely supplanted by a liberal market policy. Bibliogr., sum. in French.