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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Incident at Ziman Brothers: The Politics of Gender and Race in a Pretoria Factory, 1934
Author:Hyslop, JonathanISNI
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:race relations
industrial workers
History and Exploration
Women's Issues
Labor and Employment
Ethnic and Race Relations
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/221172
Abstract:In September 1934, Frans Tomane, a Transvaal-born black man, appeared in the Pretoria Magistrate's court on a charge of 'criminal injuria'. It was alleged by the prosecution that on the 10th of September, while working at the Ziman Brothers food processing plant in Pretoria, Tomane had fondled an Afrikaner factory worker, Fredrika Snyder. Despite conflicting evidence, Tomane was found guilty and sentenced to three months' hard work. The incident took place at the historical moment when Afrikaner nationalism in South Africa was splitting apart. This article analyses the court proceedings of the trial in order to spotlight some features of the political and social forces at work in the situation and their impact on forms of identity and consciousness. It shows that the incident was used by the supporters of D.F. Malan, who had recently broken away from the government of General Hertzog, to portray the Ziman Brothers as wicked Jewish exploiters who exposed innocent Afrikaner 'girls' to the predations of black men. The Ziman affair was the first step in a campaign against Jewish and Indian small business conducted by Afrikaner nationalists in the subsequent decades. Ref.