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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Apprenticeship Systems and the Creation of Employment Opportunities
Author:Kishindo, PaulISNI
Periodical:Journal of Social Development in Africa (ISSN 1012-1080)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Malawi
Central Africa
nonformal education
Labor and Employment
Education and Oral Traditions
Occupational training
Skills development
Job vacancies
Abstract:Under the influence of UNESCO, the government of Malawi launched the functional literacy programme in 1986. This programme sought to establish a direct link between the acquisition of reading, writing and numerical skills and the solution of problems which impeded progress towards a higher standard of living. Although the functional literacy programme also caters for out-of-school youths, it has failed to attract or retain youth enrolment. From the evidence it would appear that out-of-school youths are more concerned with getting jobs to earn a living than merely learning reading, writing and arithmetic. If poverty is to be alleviated, these youths should be equipped with the capacity to earn a cash income. This could be done by training them in marketable skills. However, since no formal training institutions will admit them - the existing technical schools demand as a minimum entry qualification a Junior Certificate of Education (obtained after two years of secondary education), while the rural trade schools require at least eight years of primary school education - these skills would have to be obtained through a nonformal apprenticeship system linked to the functional literacy programme. Under such a scheme, a learner would be attached to an experienced artisan or craftsman to learn a trade or craft by direct observation and practice. Bibliogr., sum.