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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Participatory approaches in government bureaucracies: facilitating the process of institutional change
Author:Thompson, JohnISNI
Periodical:World Development
Geographic terms:developing countries
Subjects:popular participation
development projects
rural areas
civil service
civil service training
External link:https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-750X(95)00058-K
Abstract:This paper examines why a growing number of government bureaucracies are attempting to develop and integrate participatory research and development approaches into their programme activities. Using a conceptual model of the institutional learning and training cycle, it analyses the experiences of three large public agencies, which represent exceptions that hold out prospects for the possibility that even large, technically oriented, bureaucratic programmes can be reoriented in directions that enable local people to take an active role in their own development. The three examples, from Sri Lanka, Kenya (the Soil and Water Conservation Branch of the Ministry of Agriculture) and the Philippines, offer insights into institutions operating at different phases of the institutional learning and training cycle. These cases show how large government agencies have involved local people in the planning, implementation and management of rural development activities (Sri Lanka), soil and water conservation (Kenya), and irrigation systems (Philippines). In each case a supportive policy environment and new management structures, combined with well-designed training programmes, have played a crucial role in the continuing transformation of these agencies into more people-centred, strategic institutions. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.