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Title:Strengthening environmental management capacity by action and training: CMDT experiences in southern Mali
Authors:Guindo, OusmaneISNI
Campen, Wim van
Book title:Local level institutional development for sustainable land use / Reint J. Bakema (ed.). - Amsterdam: Royal Tropical Institute (KIT), Agricultural Development Section
Geographic term:Mali
farmers' associations
rural development
popular participation
agricultural ecology
Abstract:The agricultural potential of the southern part of Mali, where the farming population consists mainly of Sénoufou, Minyanka and Bambara, is relatively high. Presently, it suffers from accelerating environmental degradation. The former cotton development board CMDT (Compagnie malienne de développement des textiles) has been transformed into an agency for integrated rural development, which since 1986 has carried out an environmental management programme. Based on village associations, a product of earlier and ongoing CMDT efforts to help organize villages to become strong partners in development, an investment programme for soil and water conservation works is in place in about 600 villages to date. Strengthening organizational capacity at village and CMDT level is a major activity of this programme, and is beginning to result in village-level decisions on future land management. However, a wide range of problems still has to be solved, including problems associated with the capacities of CMDT and villages to collaborate (amongst others communication between extension workers and farmers, democracy at village level, bottom-up versus top-down planning approaches) and problems related to socioeconomic circumstances (amongst others land rights). The paper describes only CMDT efforts in areas of rainfed agriculture. Bibliogr., sum. (p. 6).