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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Right to Organise as Mother of All Rights: The Experience of Women in Tanzania
Authors:Tenga, Nakazael
Peter, Chris M.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:freedom of association
Women's Issues
Politics and Government
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Law, Legal Issues, and Human Rights
Marital Relations and Nuptiality
Status of Women
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/161742
Abstract:In Tanzania the right to organize and to associate was not guaranteed under the law until the 1977 Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania was amended in 1984 to include, inter alia, a Bill of Rights. The present article deals with the organization of women in Tanzania during the first three decades of independence. A review of the role of women in the struggle for independence is followed by a discussion of the achievements of the national women's organization, UWT (Umoja wa Wanawake wa Tanganyika), which was founded in 1962 as a branch of the ruling party, CCM (Chama Cha Mapinduzi). Despite the limited room available for manoeuvre in the Tanzanian political system, the UWT managed to record the following achievements: the 1971 Law of Marriage Act, paid maternity leave, and university entry for women immediately after completion of their national service. The last section of the article discusses changes since the introduction of the multiparty system in Tanzania in 1992, especially the creation of women's wings within the new parties, and the establishment of a Women's Council, the Baraza la Wanawake Tanzania (Bawata) in 1995. Notes, ref.