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Title:Dissecting the Kruger Myth with Blunt Instruments: A Rebuttal of Jane Carruther's View
Author:Grobler, Hennie
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Geographic term:South Africa
national parks and reserves
History and Exploration
Politics and Government
About person:Stephanus Johannes Paulus Kruger (1825-1904)ISNI
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/2637314
Abstract:This paper criticizes the view of Jane Carruthers (Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 20, no. 2, 1994) that the contribution of Paul Kruger to nature conservation in South Africa is a myth. As opposed to Carruthers, the present paper argues that the Kruger National Park was deservedly named after Paul Kruger to commemorate his personal interest in nature conservation. It argues that Carruthers did not consider the historical context in which Kruger's actions took place. Kruger, for instance, did not dominate the Volksraad and, in the Executive Council, did not always enjoy the support required for conservation reforms. He undoubtedly played a major role in the crucial 1890s to ensure the survival of South Africa's wildlife heritage. The paper considers the period between 1883, when Kruger became president of the Transvaal Republic, and 1899 when the Second Anglo-Boer war broke out. The myth theory is tested by evaluating Kruger's actions during these years and the author concludes that the myth theory has no factual base. The paper is followed by a response by Jane Carruthers (p. 473-480). Notes, ref., sum.