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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:African Conversion from a World Religion: Religious Diversification by the Waso Boorana in Kenya
Author:Aguilar, Mario I.
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
Geographic term:Kenya
religious conversion
African religions
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/1161131
Abstract:This article explores the historical processes that have framed adaptation and change in religious affiliation of the Boorana of the Waso area of northeastern Kenya. It first examines Waso Boorana conversion during the colonial period. Between the 1930s and the 1950s most Waso Boorana became Muslims, and thereafter they were presumed to be Muslims by other groups in Kenya. Owing to their interaction with the Somali, they underwent a process of 'somalization'. The second part of the article deals with the history of the Waso Boorana after Kenya's independence in 1963. In this second period of conversion the Waso Boorana kept their Muslim public rituals, but traditional religious practices revived in their settlements. The author suggests that the reasons for this process of religious diversification throughout the history of the Waso Boorana are to be found in their own way of diversifying their herds, in order to face drought, famine and political changes. He argues that the study of conversion in Africa during the 20th century cannot, therefore, be limited to changes in religious affiliation from a local religious tradition to a world religion. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French.