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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Ghana, ECOWAS and the Liberian Crisis: An Analysis of Ghana's Role in Liberia
Author:Aning, Emmanuel K.ISNI
Periodical:Liberian Studies Journal
Geographic terms:Liberia
Subjects:civil wars
foreign policy
Inter-African Relations
Military, Defense and Arms
Abstract:This article examines Ghana's involvement in the Liberian crisis from a Ghanaian perspective. The principal argument is that, despite Ghana's adoption of a defiant posture of isolationism in the early 1980s, the subsequent activism of Ghanaian foreign policy, at least on the regional level, is a reflection of internal and external dynamics. Ghana's perception of its national interests in the late 1980s differed sharply from the immediate post-PNDC (Provisional National Defence Council) era. Exogenous influences, not least the role of the regional hegemonic power, Nigeria, in perceiving Ghana as an enemy, contributed to Ghana's reentrance into ECOWAS politics. Despite the inconsistencies in Ghanaian offical policy formulation and implementation with respect to Samuel Doe's government and Charles Taylor in particular, the exigencies of the domestic political situation led the government to initiate a major diplomatic offensive. This offensive led to the formation of the ECOWAS Cease-fire Monitoring Group Ecomog and consistent official support for its activities. One major lesson demonstrated by the paper is the near deadlock in which new States find themselves in their efforts to implement independent foreign policy measures based on the designation of their national interests. Notes, ref.