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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Women's Status and Cultural Expression: Changing Gender Relations and Structural Adjustment in Zimbabwe
Author:Riphenburg, CarolISNI
Periodical:Africa Today
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:gender relations
economic policy
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Education and Oral Traditions
Health and Nutrition
Women's Issues
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Cultural Roles
Marital Relations and Nuptiality
Family Life
Status of Women
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4187137
Abstract:In 1991, Zimbabwe introduced an economic structural adjustment programme (ESAP). Although gender aspects were not considered in planning for the implementation of the ESAP, evidence shows that, in fact, economic developments have been determined largely by gender and that the ESAP has had differential effects on Zimbabwean men and women. In this analysis, the level and type of economic development - that is, a low-income country in economic difficulty that necessitates the adoption of a structural adjustment programme - serves as the independent variable and is examined in terms of its impact on four aspects of a framework of women's status adopted from Janet Giele (1977). The areas under consideration are family, education, health and control of sexuality, and cultural expression. The study demonstrates that the consequences of the ESAP are gendered and that women have borne a major share of the transitional costs of adjustment thus far. Note, ref.