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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The 1984 Zanzibar Constitution
Author:Bakary, Abubakar Khamis
Year:1995
Periodical:The African Review: A Journal of African Politics, Development and International Affairs (ISSN 0856-0056)
Volume:22
Issue:1-2
Pages:84-121
Language:English
Geographic terms:Zanzibar
Tanzania
East Africa
Subjects:political unification
constitutional amendments
law
constitutions
Zanzibar
democracy
human rights
Abstract:Shortly after independence in 1963, the Peoples' Republic of Zanzibar merged with the Republic of Tanganyika to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar (later of Tanzania). The 1964 Articles of the Union form the 'Grundnorm' of the Union and the Constitution of Zanzibar must be consistent with this treaty. Zanzibar's 1979 Constitution paved the way for the further development of Zanzibar. To keep pace with this growth, a new constitution was enacted in 1984. This constitution, which is still in force, has introduced substantial changes, including a chapter on directive principles of State policy which are declared to be fundamental but not enforceable by the courts and a chapter on fundamental rights which is justiciable. The constitution also establishes the structure for a socialist government and an executive presidency type of government, as well as providing for limitation of parliamentary supremacy, judicial review and independence of the judiciary. The author examines the relevant provisions, with due regard for the 1992 constitutional amendments instituting a multiparty system. Notes, ref.
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