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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Windé Koroji Complex: evidence for the peopling of the eastern inland Niger Delta (2100-500 BC)
Author:MacDonald, Kevin C.ISNI
Periodical:Préhistoire anthropologie méditerranéennes
Geographic term:Mali
Stone Age
Abstract:Between 1993 and 1996, a survey and excavation programme was carried out in the vicinity of Douentza (southern Gourma region, Mali), which has provided new data concerning the peopling of the right bank of the Middle Niger. Excavations and surface collections at a cluster of 12 Late Stone Age or 'Neolithic' sites known as the Windé Koroji Complex, situated in a pasture area of that name some 14 km north of Douentza, have resulted in the definition of three distinct ceramic facies dating back to between 2100 and 500 BC. The earliest two of these facies represent a hunter-gatherer economy (Gourma facies with ceramics typical of the Kobadi tradition) and a generalized (agro?)pastoral economy (ceramics typical of the Windé Koroji tradition) respectively. The most recent facies (Zampia tradition ceramics), which appears to be a continuation of the earlier pastoral tradition, is associated with alignments of stone and earthen tumuli, suggesting increasing cultural complexity during the first millennium BC. Bibliogr., sum. in English and French.