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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Integrating Fighters after War: Reflections on the Namibian Experience, 1989-1993
Author:Preston, Rosemary
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Geographic term:Namibia
Subjects:social integration
military personnel
Military, Defense and Arms
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/2637511
Abstract:Contributing to the growing interest in postwar integration, this paper reviews recent research on the demobilization and rehabilitation of fighters. Against the background of the Namibian peace, disarmament and demobilization processes, the paper conceptualizes fighter integration in terms of nationbuilding and containment strategies. The creation of the Namibian defence and police forces is essential to the consolidation of the new State and affords relatively secure employment and career opportunities for ex-PLAN (People's Liberation Army of Namibia) and ex-SWATF (South West Africa Territorial Force) members. Strategies used by the government to integrate fighters in postwar Namibia include gratuity payments, skill training for future income generation, resettlement programmes and assistance to the disabled. The conclusion is that the overall goal of the integration of fighters in the transition from war to peace, namely to maintain stability, was achieved in Namibia after the country's independence in 1990. Notes, ref., sum.