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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Current Poverty, Structural Adjustment, and Drought in Zimbabwe
Author:Marquette, Catherine M.
Periodical:World Development
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:economic policy
Economics and Trade
Drought and Desertification
Development and Technology
Health and Nutrition
External link:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(97)00019-3
Abstract:In Zimbabwe, the initial years of economic structural adjustment programme (SAP) implementation overlapped with the onset of a major drought in 1991-1992. Understanding changes affecting the poor during the period thus involves considering both these events. This paper considers the effects which SAP and the drought had on the poor in Zimbabwe during the initial years of the structural adjustment process from 1990-1994. It first presents background information on structural adjustment and drought in Zimbabwe. The effects which SAP and drought had on three areas critical to the currently poor - health services; employment and wages; and food security - are then considered. Finally, major government programmes specifically targeted at the poor during the period (the Social Development Fund and Poverty Alleviation Action Plan) are discussed. It is concluded that SAP and drought events adversely affected health, employment and wages, and food security and thus had negative impacts on the poor from 1990-1994. Given recurrent drought and the continuing process of adjustment in Zimbabwe, government flexibility in implementing SAP as well as coordination of efforts to protect the poor from the negative outcomes of both drought and adjustment is recommended. Bibliogr., notes, ref.