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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The context of the Flacourt settlement: the archaeological evidence of the Anosy region
Authors:Wright, Henry T.
Rakotoarisoa, Jean-Aimé
Periodical:Études océan Indien
Geographic term:Madagascar
Abstract:The Anosy region and particularly Efaho River Valley of southeastern Madagascar possesses a historical record almost unprecedented for the world of pre-State societies. The accounts of would-be colonizers of the XVIIth and XVIIIth centuries, particularly that of Étienne de Flacourt in his 'Histoire de la grande isle Madagascar' of 1658, provide a detailed view of early Malagasy people just coming into contact with the emerging world of European commerce and militarism. How does archaeological evidence agree or disagree with the construct based upon accounts of Flacourt and his contemporaries? Archaeological research has shown that there was a lengthy occupation of the Efaho Valley divisible into four cultural phases: the Maliovola Phase (IXth-XIIth centuries), the Ambinanibe Phase (XIIIth-XIVth centuries), and the Tranovato Phase (XVth-XVIIth centuries), which developed into the succeeding Ehoala Phase late in the XVIIth century. The Tranovato settlements were visited by Flacourt. This period saw fundamental economic and sociopolitical changes, notably the appearance of a stratified society, showing cultural relations with societies farther north along the east coast. It appears that the archaeological evidence largely confirms the written accounts. Bibliogr.