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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Politics of Space and Place in the Tswapong Region, Central Botswana
Author:Motzafi-Haller, Pnina
Periodical:Canadian Journal of African Studies
Geographic term:Botswana
Subjects:social change
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/486180
Abstract:This study of changes in the settlement pattern in the Tswapong region of east-central Botswana over the last two decades is concerned with the way in which social space was redefined when new village communities emerged in areas which had formerly been known as open agricultural zones. On the basis of field research carried out in 1982-1984, and again in 1993, the study traces the struggles of people in four cases of village emergence - Manaledi, Mokungwane, Makgabo, and Gamotse - to redefine their rights over land, collective identities, and social histories. It shows that social space has been dramatically altered in the Tswapong region over the last two decades. Among the four case studies of village emergence traced, three have evolved into permanent village communities with a much larger resident population and a significantly expanded institutional base. The emergence of these clustered village communities altered not only the visible spatial organization of the region, but also the key sociopolitical and economic divisions within the regional population. Space functioned as an object of social struggle in all the scenarios outlined. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in French.