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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Industrial Strategy and the African States: The Botswana Experience
Authors:Owusu, Francis
Samatar, Abdi I.ISNI
Periodical:Canadian Journal of African Studies
Geographic term:Botswana
Subjects:industrial development
industrial policy
Development and Technology
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/486181
Abstract:This article revisits the relationship between the State and industrial development in Africa, arguing that a disciplined activist State that governs the market is essential for industrial development and recovery. Using empirical evidence from Botswana, the authors show how Botswana has induced a relatively successful industrialization project, contrary to the general trend of deindustrialization and retraction of State involvement in Africa in the 1980s and 1990s. The case study challenges the neoliberal camp's belief in the efficacy of structural adjustment programmes (SAP) to address the crisis in African economies. After a review of the literature on industrial policy and the African State's role, the article focuses on Botswana's industrial policy. It pays attention to the 1982 Financial Assistance Policy (FAP), a system of grants the government provides to assist in setting up or expanding selected private sector business; job creation, economic diversification, rural industrialization, citizen and non-citizen participation, and gender and industrial policy. It demonstrates the significance of the Botswana industrial experience for African development. App., bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in French.