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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Rural-Urban Linkages: Masvingo's Double-Rooted Female Heads of Households
Author:Muzvidziwa, Victor N.ISNI
Periodical:Zambezia (ISSN 0379-0622)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
Southern Africa
Subjects:rural-urban relations
female-headed households
Urbanization and Migration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Women's Issues
Women heads of households
Masvingo (Zimbabwe)
urban housing
Right of property
Cultural Roles
Family Life
Marital Relations and Nuptiality
External link:http://digital.lib.msu.edu/projects/africanjournals/html/itemdetail.cfm?recordID=1240
Abstract:Urban-rural linkages constituted an important, ongoing survival strategy for women in Masvingo, a town of some 52,000 inhabitants (1992) in the southern part of Zimbabwe. Based on fieldwork in 1994-1995, including in-depth interviews with 50 female heads of households in Rujeko and Mucheke, Masvingo's only low-income, high density areas, the author describes the situation of women struggling to remain in town and the strategies they adopted to this end, notably the deliberate investment in rural-urban networks. Without a foot in the rural area, most women would not have been able to stay in the town. The double-rooted strategy pursued by many women involved a reciprocal flow of goods and services between kin in both rural and urban directions. Kin also influenced women's mobility, especially their initial move to and arrival in town. Women used kinship networks to counter the structural constraints imposed by central and local-level bureaucracies and maximize their chances of surviving in town. While many women acknowledged experiencing hard times, only those categorized by the author as 'burnt out' (in contrast to 'hanging on', 'coping' and 'climbing out of poverty') conceded that they might be forced to go back to the village. Bibliogr., sum.