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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Early Years: Extension Services in Peasant Agriculture in Colonial Zimbabwe, 1925-1929
Author:Kramer, Eira
Periodical:Zambezia (ISSN 0379-0622)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
Southern Africa
Great Britain
research centres
Education and Oral Traditions
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
History and Exploration
Agriculture, Agronomy, Forestry
Extension services
Agricultural population
External link:http://digital.lib.msu.edu/projects/africanjournals/html/itemdetail.cfm?recordID=1243
Abstract:In 1927 the Native Affairs Department launched an extension programme using African demonstrators in the reserves of colonial Zimbabwe. These demonstrators were given the task of teaching peasant farmers to farm intensively on small acreages using a four-course crop rotation system. This was to replace the traditional extensive system of shifting cultivation on large acreages. The scheme was started in order to increase the carrying capacity of the reserves, and so enable them to cope with the increased numbers moving into them as a result of repressive government land policy and segregationist moves. E.D. Alvord, an American missionary at Mt Silinda who had successfully experimented with intensive cultivation methods for mission farmers, was appointed Agriculturalist for the Agricultural Instruction of Natives in 1926. One of his principal tasks was to oversee the implementation of the demonstrator programme and the training of demonstrators. This article reviews the first years of the extension programme (1925-1929). Notes, ref., sum.