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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Agricultural Policy and Performance in Liberia (1920-1990): Implications for Policy in Post-Civil War Liberia
Author:Pereira-Lunghu, Jacob M.
Periodical:Africa Development: A Quarterly Journal of CODESRIA (ISSN 0850-3907)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Liberia
West Africa
Subjects:agricultural policy
agricultural history
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Politics and Government
History and Exploration
Economics and Trade
Agriculture, Agronomy, Forestry
Agriculture and state
food production
Economic performance
civil wars
Policy sciences
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/24484517
Abstract:Traditional farm problems are not only economic but are also affected by values, beliefs and group behaviour as well as politics. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the author offers an agricultural policy profile of the Liberian economy dating back to the early 1920s up to 1990. He first discusses early attempts to diversify the economy through plantation agriculture, and estimates the opportunity costs for the farmers recruited to work in the plantations. He then considers government policies that have attempted to boost food production in Liberia either through rural spatial reorganization, such as the 1962-1970 Plan, or through both small and large-scale rice farming, as envisaged in the 1976-1980 National Socioeconomic Plan. He outlines agricultural pricing policy in the 1970s and the increase in rice prices which led to the Rice Riot in Monrovia on April 14, 1979. He subsequently explains the failure of the integrated agricultural development projects which were undertaken in the mid-1980s. This is followed by a discussion of the effect of Liberia's civil war on agricultural policy since 1989 and beyond. The absence of an agricultural policy during the civil war reinforced the adverse effect of macroeconomic imbalances on Liberia's agricultural performance observed between 1980 and 1990. In conclusion, the author draws implications for agricultural policy in a post-civil war Liberia. Bibliogr., notes, sum. in French.