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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Population Pressure, Social Change, Culture and Malawi's Pattern of Fertility Transition
Authors:Kalipeni, Ezekiel
Ebisemiju, F.S.
Periodical:African Studies Review
Geographic term:Malawi
Health and Nutrition
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Fertility and Infertility
Health, Nutrition, and Medicine
Labor and Employment
Education and Training
Family Planning and Contraception
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/525161
Abstract:This paper uses Malawi as a detailed case study to examine the relative influences of modernization and culture on the geography of fertility. Using data from the 1977 and 1987 censuses, the author investigates the levels and spatial variations of fertility rates in Malawi and the ambiguous relationship between fertility levels and socioeconomic variables associated with modernization theory and the demographic transition model. The author also suggests a stronger causal relationship between cultural variables and the spatial variation of fertility levels in Malawi. Given a normally fecund population, fertility will be determined to a considerable degree by the variation in demographic, social and economic variables. However, the analysis in this study shows that this may not necessarily be the case in some developing countries, such as Malawi. The results seem to indicate that Malawi may be going through a different pattern of demographic transition that is driven (to a larger extent) by population presures and deep-rooted cultural forces rather than simply the forces of modernization. The spatial mismatch between a number of variables associated with modernization (such as female literacy rates) and measures of fertility (crude birth rates and total fertility rates) supports this argument. Bibliogr.