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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:United States Peace Corps Volunteers in Guinea: A Case Study of U.S.-African Relations during the Cold War
Author:Amin, Julius A.
Periodical:Journal of Contemporary African Studies
Geographic terms:Guinea
United States
Subjects:foreign policy
cold war
aid workers
Development and Technology
international relations
External links:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02589009808729628
Abstract:On March 1, 1961, president John F. Kennedy formally established the Peace Corps, heralding America's new determination to improve its image abroad, help develop Third World countries and provide an answer to the spread of Soviet-bloc influence in Africa and elsewhere. One of the countries first targetted for Peace Corps activities was Sékou Touré's newly independent Republic of Guinea. This paper evaluates the performance of Peace Corps volunteers there during the 1960s. It illustrates the role of the Corps in the Cold War context, its influence on the nature of the relationship that developed between the United States and the new nations of Africa, and the role of 'people to people' diplomacy in the conduct of American foreign policy during the Cold War, which contrasted sharply with the antagonistic policies of much of the Eisenhower era. Notwithstanding the many setbacks, budget cuts and current problems facing the Peace Corps, the agency remains as one of the most enduring American foreign policy initiatives towards the developing nations. Bibliogr., notes.