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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Where Have all the Soldiers Gone: Demobilization and Reintegration in Ethiopia
Authors:Dercon, StefanISNI
Ayalew, Daniel
Periodical:World Development
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Military, Defense and Arms
Development and Technology
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Economics and Trade
Labor and Employment
External link:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(98)00077-1
Abstract:This paper analyses the experiences of demobilization and reintegration of about half a million ex-soldiers during the first part of the 1990s in Ethiopia. The authors use rural household data on ex-soldier and non-soldier households to assess whether reintegration has been successful. They discuss the assistance provided to reintegrate the ex-soldiers, their characteristics, the support they were given and their living standards after demobilization. Micro-level evidence from ex-soldiers who returned to rural areas is presented to provide an evaluation of the welfare effects of demobilization. The authors find that the targeting efficiency of the demobilization programme has not been as good as generally claimed. Ex-soldiers have welfare levels similar to non-soldiers. They are generally considerably better educated but have fewer assets than non-soldiers. Using a 'treatment effects' model, the authors find that returns to labour and assets for ex-soldiers are indistinguishable from those of non-soldiers' families. This suggests that ex-soldiers have been successfully reintegrated in the rural economy, even though this means they are sharing the low standards of living of the rest of the rural population. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.