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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Pagan Practices and the Death of Children: German Colonial Missionaries and Child Health Care in South Pare, Tanzania
Author:Hakansson, N. ThomasISNI
Year:1998
Periodical:World Development
Volume:26
Issue:9
Period:September
Pages:1763-1772
Language:English
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:missions
colonialism
child health
History and Exploration
Religion and Witchcraft
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Health and Nutrition
Cultural Roles
Health, Nutrition, and Medicine
Historical/Biographical
Women and Their Children
External link:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(98)00074-6
Abstract:The use of missionary and other archives can reveal useful information for contemporary planning both by providing sociomedical baselines for understanding change, and by providing practical approaches to development. The author presents a case study from the South Pare mountains in the former northeastern German East Africa, present-day Tanzania. In 1908, the missionary Jakob Janssen Dannholz from the Evangelical Lutheran Mission in Leipzig, Germany, established a mission station in the district of Mbaga in South Pare. He spent most of his remaining life there until 1917. As evidenced by two manuscripts, written by Dannholz between 1914 and 1916, the Lutheran missionaries in South Pare implemented a successful campaign to lower child mortality without the aid of modern medical technology. The missionaries achieved this goal through an understanding of indigenous ideas about health and illness, cooperation with indigenous healers, and through communication and mutual learning. The author argues that by focusing on preventive, as well as curative measures, long-term health care projects may provide more effective basic health improvements than large-scale expensive medical-technological interventions. Bibliogr., notes, sum.
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