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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Liquor Dilemma in British West Africa: The Southern Nigerian Example, 1895-1918
Author:Olorunfemi, Akinsola
Year:1984
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies
Volume:17
Issue:2
Pages:229-241
Language:English
Geographic terms:West Africa
Nigeria
Subjects:mercantile history
alcoholic beverages
colonialism
History and Exploration
Economics and Trade
Link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/218605
Abstract:Towards the end of the 19th century, the liquor trade in West Africa was at the center of a heated debate between two powerful British pressure groups: the anti-liquor crusaders, led by the cotton textile merchants represented by the Manchester Chamber of Commerce and the London-based humanitarian societies, whose leaders - Bishop Tugwell of Western Equatorial Africa and British M.P. Sir John Kennaway - denounced the liquor traffic in the same way they denounced the slave trade, on one side, and on the other side the 'liquor merchants', who regarded the trade in spirits as a useful inducement for the more frequent purchase of more durable European merchandise by the Africans. The author examines the arguments forwarded by these groups. The liquor trade became an international issue after the Brussels Conference of 1889-1890 and touched the financial interests of the governments concerned. After about 1895 the more vigorous prohibition campaign against 'trade spirits' became an extension of the general alarm in Britain over what was popularly known as 'Made in Germany'. In 1918 the need to recoup revenue lost as a result of the cessation of trade spirits from Germany led to the imposition of unpopular taxes in Southern Nigeria. Notes.
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